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Researchers uncover earliest tobacco use in the Pacific Northwest

UC Davis researchers uncover earliest tobacco use in the Pacific Northwest
The earliest known usage of tobacco in the Pacific Northwest was smoked using a pipe similar to this one, according to Shannon Tushingham, a UC Davis archaeology research associate. Credit: Shannon Tushingham

(Phys.org)—Native American hunter-gatherers living more than a thousand years ago in what is now northwestern California ate salmon, acorns and other foods, and now we know they also smoked tobacco—the earliest known usage in the Pacific Northwest, according to a new University of California, Davis, study.

"The study demonstrates that was part of the northwestern California culture very early ... shortly after the earliest documented Pacific Northwest Coast plank house villages," said the study, published in the .

Testing organic residues extracted from pipes, researchers from the UC Davis Department of Anthropology and the Fiehn Metabolomics Laboratory of the UC Davis Genome Center confirmed was smoked, and likely grown in the region, by at least A.D. 860.

Perhaps more importantly, the researchers say that additional studies may help them better understand the origins of and the human management, geographic range extension and cultivation of tobacco. Indeed, as part of a second study, the authors have recently detected nicotine in ancient pipes from an 800-year-old site in the modern city of Pleasanton, Calif.

Two weeks later, Mr. Bernheimer was among the dozens of long-established old master dealers attending the London evening sales. In the past, they would buy at these auctions to stock up for the Maastricht European Fine Art Fair in March in the Netherlands. But with sellers encouraging Sotheby’s and Christie’s to compete for their business with ever-higher valuations, and auctions now marketed to a shallow pool of wealthy buyers, there was conspicuously little trade bidding.
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Prior to this recent testing, which used sensitive gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, researchers were unsure of the historical use of tobacco on the Coast. It was unclear, for example, whether European traders had brought tobacco to the area much later, or if some other plant had been smoked in the pipes, Tushingham said.

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Plum Alley:
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Democracy is at bottom a civilised form of civil war.
但是更让人兴奋的是,魔术师约翰逊是一个人脉广泛且备受尊敬的名人堂球员,他看起来也能知人善任,新经理罗布-佩林卡是一个老谋深算的交易者,他在联盟人脉也很广。
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不过另一个因素也影响着最新一集《007》的计划,主演“詹姆斯-邦德”丹尼尔-克雷格全心投入于演出《千禧年三部曲》,而其中的《龙文身的女孩》正在紧张拍摄中。而目前电影公司也没有遴选新一任007的打算,若果丹尼尔三度出演这一角色,电影至少得等到2014年才能上映。

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安汉德
它还体现在詹巴蒂斯塔·瓦利(Giambattista Valli)最近的秋冬时装秀上,那场时装秀中充满泡泡袖印花长款衬衫和配套裤子,以及低腰直筒女学生连衣裙;还体现在麦丝玛拉(MaxMara)向乔治·巴里斯(George Barris)1962年为玛丽莲·梦露(Marilyn Monroe)拍摄的照片致敬的系列。

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Chinese consumer prices rose in January, an encouraging sign for the world’s second largest economy in a month characterised by turbulence in its financial markets.
考察指标包括“智力资本和创新”、“技术成熟度”、“区域重要城市”、“健康、安全与治安”、“交通和城市规划”、“可持续发展与自然环境”、“文化与居民生活”、“经济影响力”、“成本”和“宜商环境”。
斯科特-布鲁克斯教练在看到他的球员名单后就知道了他执教的退路有多大了,伤病一直以来都是球队里的大佬。但是我还是捉摸不清为什么这支球队比以前的那支季后赛球队差那么远。另一方面,奇才不可能差到以至于会得到前5的顺位吧。

The study is available online.


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Citation: Researchers uncover earliest tobacco use in the Pacific Northwest (2013, March 1) retrieved 18 November 2020 from https://phys.org/news/2013-03-uncover-earliest-tobacco-pacific-northwest.html
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