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Why No One Wanted A&W's Third-Pound Burger

Getty
Getty

Americans have loved McDonald’s Quarter Pounder ever since a franchisee introduced the iconic burger to the country in 1972. In the 1980s, A&W attempted to capitalize on the success of the Quarter Pounder—and drum up a little competition for Ronald and friends—by introducing a third-pound burger. The bigger burger gave consumers more bang for their collective buck. It was priced the same as the Quarter Pounder but delivered more meat. It even outperformed McDonald’s in blind taste tests, with consumers preferring the flavor of A&W’s burger.

But when it came down to actually purchasing the third-pound burgers, most Americans simply would not do it. Baffled, A&W ordered more tests and focus groups. After chatting with people who snubbed the A&W burger for the smaller Quarter Pounder, the reason became clear: Americans suck at fractions. Alfred Taubman, who owned A&W at the time, wrote about the confusion in his book Threshold Resistance:

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Critics have been eager to point out that he is not so closely involved in new product development as his predecessor, and fails to elicit the same excitement when he takes to the stage to introduce them. But Mr Cook is aware of his shortcomings and has drawn on the worlds of fitness and fashion to assemble a new team of talents, including Angela Ahrendts, formerly of Burberry, and industrial designer Marc Newson.
下面是消费者和投资者在2015年也许可以期盼的5个好消息。
“This has been a miserable year for EM,” said Paul McNamara, investment director of emerging markets at GAM, the Swiss fund house. “There has been a steady bleed out of assets and no one is certain what shape the market might be in this time next week.”
Han said on his social media that he only designed the original version of the mascot, which is the ink painting, but didn't participate in the 3D model design. "Of course we believe the ugly stuff has nothing to do with you," Web users said, responding to the respected artist.
Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer

Not understanding that a fourth is actually smaller than a third, many consumers eschewed the better-tasting burger in favor of the one they thought was the better deal. According to Taubman, A&W recalibrated their marketing, saying, “The customer, regardless of his or her proficiency with fractions, is always right.”

An escalating war on drugs in the Philippines has led to almost 1,800 deaths under new president Rodrigo Duterte, the country’s police chief has said.
9.The Company Isn't Doing Well

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It didn’t last, but they gave it another shot with the “Sirloin Third Pounder” just last year. That one is gone now, too, but the mighty Quarter Pounder remains a mainstay.

Coursera Has Teamed Up With Disney and Pixar to Celebrate Soul With a Curated Selection Of Courses Aimed at Maximizing Your Creative Side

Coursera
Coursera

PPI已连续下降44个月,反映出建房材料和原料的供应过剩,以及重工业的产能过剩。
宾夕法尼亚州立大学的气候科学家迈克尔·E·曼恩(Michael E. Mann)在电子邮件中说,“如果不是由于燃烧化石燃料所产生的、导致地球变暖的气体排放越来越多的原因,在上千年史无前例的几十年较暖期间、创纪录地变暖的十年中,看到变暖的又一个记录年度,是非常不可能的。”

Passion is the fuel of life. It helps ignite our creativity and gives us a purpose in our careers, in our relationships, and even at home when we’re enjoying our favorite hobbies. And the easiest way to spark our passion is through education. In celebration of Disney & Pixar’s Soul streaming only on Disney+ on December 25, Coursera has curated a unique collection of courses for you to explore your artistic and creative interests for personal development and learn new ways to bring passion and purpose to your career.

There are six exclusive collections in all, with each containing six courses organized around a particular theme. If you’re the kind of learner who’ll be taking multiple courses, consider getting a Coursera Plus subscription, which gets you unlimited access to more than 3000 courses—including everything in the collections.

Whether you’re looking to pick up a new hobby, make a move for your dream career, or just want to learn to embrace life’s little pleasures, there’s a course here for anyone looking for a new spark. Plus, from November 20 through December 4, all of the courses in the Soul collection are free for Coursera’s Black Friday promotion. Find your perfect course collection below.

Disney & Pixar/Coursera

The Creative Life

张景岫说:“学生本身并不适合创业。”他补充说道,职业院校的学生比大学生更渴望自主创业。
10月1日
《出租车司机》被誉为历史上最伟大的电影之一,讲述了一名沮丧的前海军陆战队员,在被爱慕的女子拒绝后,试图暗杀参议员的故事。名义上的出租车司机崔维斯·拜寇,生活混乱,充斥着毒贩和妓女,但他的故事从来不是不现实的幻想。相反,它揭示了一个人差点成为成为枪手的真实预警。
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That even at a lower profit margin (say, 40%) and a 1/3 cannibalization rate (i.e. customers buy one third fewer full-priced iPhones), the cheaper iPhone would increase Apple'srevenue and gross profits (see her spreadsheet above).
Wuxi, in coastal Jiangsu province, retained the top spot for a second month with growth of 4.9 per cent,
Like a lot of critics, I chafe against the arbitrariness of lists even as I recognize their utility. Since I can never stop at 10 — how could I, when something like 900 movies were released in North American theaters? — I picked 15 to match the year, ranked them and ended up fudging that count. So maybe technically it’s a top 20. The slots with more than one title aren’t ties, but double features, paired movies that complement, contend with or amplify each other’s best qualities.

Creative Careers

除了支持多样性以外,库克还倡导可持续发展和供应链的透明化,包括承诺苹果会减少使用来自冲突地区的矿物。虽然在库克出任首席执行官以前,苹果的供应链在他的管理下已经表现出超高效率,但并不总是值得称道,其工作条件屡遭投诉。
夏奇拉
伊纳里图表示:“我差点忘记感谢所有参与拍摄的美国印第安人了,没有他们,这部电影不可能拍摄出来。我能够和这些人一起活着拍完这部电影,心中的惊喜和骄傲难以用语言表达。”
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In the annals of climatology, 2014 surpassed 2010 as the warmest year. The 10 warmest years have all occurred since 1997, a reflection of the relentless planetary warming that scientists say is a consequence of human activity and poses profound long-term risks to civilization and nature.
《极盗车神》日前入围了美国电影评议评选的十佳电影榜单,烂番茄评分93%,票房收入超过1亿美元。
在过去的一年中,20多个省推出鼓励学生创业的政策,在创业期间,允许学生休学2至8年,并保留其学籍。然而,很多行业内部坚持学生应该首先完成学业,并先工作几年。
《权力的游戏》

Purposeful Living

ar一再,rog要求-一再要求-傲慢的arrow ant:一个想射箭的蚂蚁-傲慢自大的
他认为,地方政府通过卖地、强拆来追求GDP代价太大,早晚要还。“我愿意用一个政协委员的身份非常严肃地提出问题,我们是不是可以不要那么重视GDP?我们是不是可以选择减缓经济发展的速度?”
其他入围者分别是:《失去信号:黑莓离奇崛起与惊人陨落背后不为人知的故事》(Losing the Signal: The Untold Story Behind the Extraordinary Rise and Spectacular Fall of Blackberry),作者杰基麦克尼什(Jacquie Mcnish)和肖恩缠尔科夫(Sean Silcoff)回顾了黑莓是怎样偏离了航向;《数字黄金:比特币背后不为人知的故事》(Digital Gold: The Untold Story of Bitcoin),作者纳塔涅尔波佩尔(Nathaniel Popper)审视了虚拟货币比特币的崛起;《音乐如何变免费:一整代人犯下同样罪行的后果》(How Music Got Free: What Happens When an Entire Generation Commits the Same Crime?),作者斯蒂芬威特(Stephen Witt)介绍了盗版和对等网络共享(P2P)扰乱唱片业的历史;《做不完的事:女人、男人、工作、家庭》(Un滻椀猀栀攀搀 Business: Women Men Work Family),作者安妮-玛丽斯劳特(Anne-Marie Slaughter)在书中讨论了实现性别平衡面临的挑战,以及《行为不端:解读行为经济学》(Misbehaving: The Making of Behavioural Economics),作者理查德泰勒(Richard Thaler)追踪了行为经济学的发展。
Rank: 2
这个所谓的“百万富翁的游乐场”现已向所有人敞开怀抱。经济型的酒店、家庭旅馆以及带有自助厨房的公寓,都使得塞舌尔之行不再价格高昂。塞舌尔由100多个散布在印度洋上的岛屿组成,这里有多种多样的娱乐活动供您选择,诸如沙滩浴、钓鱼、潜水、航海和乘船游览。塞舌尔群岛一年四季的热带气候可谓得天独厚,所以你随时都可以开始你的塞舌尔之行。
失业率减幅在2015年的下降得可能不会那样的迅速,据经济学家所言,特别是如果更多的人进入劳动力市场由于更容易找到工作。尽管如此和2014年相似的大量招聘和录用将会使低的失业率数据显得更加的可信。

Professional Development

2. 大卫·维勒莱斯(David Virelles),《姆波克》(Mbókò),ECM。才华横溢的年轻钢琴手大卫·维勒莱斯继续着对非洲-古巴文化与仪式的深入研究,带着有条不紊的酷意与精神上的开放性。罗曼·迪亚兹(Román Díaz)担任打击乐手,这张迷人的组曲有着既古典又现代的深刻内涵。
The magazine also notes that he gave $66 million to his presidential campaign and paid $25 million to settle a lawsuit related to Trump University.
推进健康中国建设。
Its GDP increased 7.5 percent compared to last year, according to a report by 21st Century Business Herald.
《神奇动物在哪里》将于2016年11月18日在全球上映。
教育部之后表示,他们不会容忍这种欺骗行为,并已经要求公安部门进入进行调查。
When he wasn't programming or doing schoolwork, D'Aloisio began to fill his spare time reading about natural language processing. He'd studied languages as diverse as Latin and Mandarin, and became fascinated by concepts like grammatical frameworks, morpheme parsing and the 1960s work of the linguist Richard Montague. 'He's my favorite,' D'Aloisio enthuses. 'He theorized that natural language could be described like a syntactical programming language.'

Personal Development

成功的创业者需要付出努力和毅力,因为非常不幸的是,世上并没有创业小精灵,能够神奇般地将成功赐予小公司和他们的老板。
Wang Rongzhen在采访中表示,“我们就是要卖车,如果厂家不提供车型,我们就卖不下去了,也只能退网。”他估计经销商每年亏损300-1000万元。目前,现代汽车在中国有近40家进口经销商,其中30家经销商要求退网赔偿。
They need more talent. Full stop. The best avenue for attracting talent for them has always been the draft.
要大力弘扬工匠精神,厚植工匠文化,恪尽职业操守,崇尚精益求精,培育众多“中国工匠”,打造更多享誉世界的“中国品牌”,推动中国经济发展进入质量时代。
Ahh, the glamorous life of AT&T: best friends with Steve Jobs, exclusive rights to the iPhone (for now) and carrier of choice on the iPad. So why, with everything going for it, did the stock miss a huge rally? In the year ending April 1, Apple soared 109% and the S&P 500 rose 41%. AT&T? Down 2%. The problem is growth, or lack thereof: little in its saturated wireless business and a decline in landlines, which still accounts for 25% of sales. Unless its high-speed Internet business takes off or the iPad drives new wireless growth, the beatings by Wall Street will continue.
No Bad Manners Awards could be complete without a mention of a Kardashian, could it?
Video of the year: "Tornado," Little Big Town
换总部:随着丰田迁至德州,奔驰从新泽西搬往北卡罗来纳州或乔治亚州,斯巴鲁也要建它的新总部了。它的一个选择是搬到离其客户群更近的佛蒙特州。
For all of the acceptance speech kerfuffle when Gwyneth Paltrow won best actress for her role as Viola de Lesseps in John Madden’s 1998 film Shakespeare in Love, the Hollywood star has since said she keeps the award tucked away – “the thing freaks me out”.

Career Change

这些银行将钱返还给股东的能力有所下降。中央财经大学中国金融业研究中心主任郭田勇表示,缓慢的盈利增长和高额的不良贷款以及存款准备金给银行的资本金补充带来了压力。
Dealers: Car dealers work toward reducing the paperwork involved in buying a car and the hours it takes to fill it out. That will give them more time to devote to upselling add-ons such as extended warranties, paint and fabric protection, and rust-proofing.
Harry Styles, 'Harry Styles'
美国银行集团
5. Repeats & highlights are as good as the main match, so am gonna watch them.
1. Discipline them: Of course disciplining our children is a given in any home. But we need to ask ourselves if we are disciplining our children properly? Who
格雷格森还说,“与此同时,美国国内的油气产量将继续增长。我认为,对我们来说,问题不在于实际油价走势如何,关键是北美油砂、页岩气、页岩油产量以及其他地区页岩油气勘探水平的增幅能有多大程度的提高。”
After rising every year since 2008 global gold supply plateaued last year, according to the World Gold Council. In China, the world’s biggest producer, it fell by a record 9 per cent, the second time output has fallen in the country since 1980.
“What Happened, Miss Simone?” (Liz Garbus)

Stream Disney & Pixar’s Soul December 25 only on Disney+, and learn more about Coursera Plus here.

20 Thanksgiving Facts to Liven Up Your Meal

Share these Thanksgiving facts in between mouthfuls of pumpkin pie.
Share these Thanksgiving facts in between mouthfuls of pumpkin pie.
Element5 Digital, Unsplash

While you’re gathering with loved ones this Thanksgiving—whether in person or over Zoom—you may find yourself making small talk family you haven't seen in a while. These 20 facts are sure to keep them fascinated until it’s time for the feast to begin.

1. There’s a connection between Thanksgiving and “Mary Had a Little Lamb.”

Writer Sarah Josepha Hale is credited with the 1830 poem "Mary's Lamb," which was eventually turned into the famous children's song. (Whether she was behind the entire poem is still debated.) But although the tune has been a childhood favorite for well over a century, it's arguably not even Hale's most important contribution to the United States. As a native of New Hampshire, Hale had grown up with Thanksgiving festivities and was dismayed the holiday wasn't federally recognized. When she became editor of Godey's Lady's Book, she used her platform to write editorials and articles about the celebration, and also lobbied the government to declare an official holiday.

Hale used the outbreak of the Civil War to push even harder for a national day of Thanksgiving, thinking that setting aside one day for the entire country “would be of great advantage, socially, nationally, [and] religiously.” Abraham Lincoln agreed, and in 1863 he released an official proclamation that made Thanksgiving the final Thursday in November.

2. Not everyone thought Thanksgiving was a great idea.

Even the thought of pumpkin pie couldn't sweeten some people on the idea of Thanksgiving. 272447, Pixabay

When Lincoln declared the national holiday again in 1864, a Confederate editorialist from Richmond took the opportunity to insult both the Yankees and the recently re-elected Lincoln, saying: “This is an annual custom of that people, heretofore celebrated with devout oblations to themselves of pumpkin pie and roast turkey.”

3. For a short time, “Franksgiving” existed.

With only two exceptions, later presidents would follow Lincoln’s tradition of declaring the final Thursday in November Thanksgiving—until 1939, when Franklin Delano Roosevelt bumped it up a week in response to pressure from American retailers. You see, many people don't start holiday shopping until after Thanksgiving, so when the final Thursday coincided with the last day of the month, it cut the holiday shopping season—and sales—short. Though the calendar change made retailers happy, it angered FDR's opponents. Conservative states refused to acknowledge the holiday they referred to as "Franksgiving," continuing to give thanks on the last Thursday of the month. The split continued until a compromise was reached, and FDR signed legislation that made the fourth Thursday official.

4. Thomas Jefferson wasn’t a fan of Thanksgiving.

Until Lincoln standardized the date and tradition of Thanksgiving proclamations, presidents were far more haphazard in declaring it. George Washington issued Thanksgiving proclamations and John Adams issued proclamations for fasting and prayer. But Thomas Jefferson didn’t. At the time, Thanksgiving was very closely tied with religion and prayer, and Jefferson was a staunch supporter of the separation of church and state. In a letter to Reverend Samuel Miller in 1808, Jefferson wrote,

Rated 6.4 points out of 10 on the review website, some users said the drama focused too much on romance.
单词pandemic 联想记忆:
Only two people know the Oscars winners list and supervise the counting procedures - PwC tax adviser Martha Ruiz and Brian Cullinan an accountant.
According to the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China's migrant workers account for around 50 percent of the labor force in industrial and related sectors. Yet they don't enjoy equal rights as city dwellers because of household registration requirements.
The data showed that Samsung took the top spot, followed by Apple in second place. Even so, the shipments of the two top tech giants declined respectively by 3 percent and 7 percent, demonstrating decreased global market shares.
吉尔伯特称,冬季假期会让这个领域的热度降低,但真正的试金石在于各家公司能否开发出可以通过“返回考验”的可穿戴设备——如果人们已经走出了家门好几步,依然决定返回去取忘带了的可穿戴设备,就像他们去取忘掉的钱包、钥匙、手机一样,这个设备就成功了。
So, what does that mean for oil prices in 2015? It is anybody’s guess, but here are the top five variables that will determine the trajectory of oil prices over the next 12 months, in no particular order.
Moreover, a “turnaround in the short run is unlikely”, given China’s efforts to rebalance its economy from exports towards consumption (thereby reducing demand for imports of intermediate inputs), reinforced by “government policy to stimulate the use of domestic suppliers” and rising protectionism elsewhere, he argues.
Recipient: Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
Their inclusion has come at the expense mainly of European companies, signalling the shift in economic power towards the east. There is only one Indian brand in the top 100 ranking — HDFC Bank. Russian, Mexican and Brazilian brands have fallen out of the ranking in the past few years — a sober reflection of the changing fortunes of these emerging markets.
挪威
1.Shailene Woodley

5. The first Thanksgiving feast looked very different from what we’re used to.

There was no cranberry sauce, no mashed potatoes, no sweet potatoes—and possibly no turkey. Some historical documents that recorded that first Thanksgiving have survived, so we know the Wampanoag brought deer. Wild turkey may have been part of the menu, but certainly not a focus or a centerpiece like it is today. Instead, they likely dined on passenger pigeons, swan, eel, lobster, clams, and mussels. Side dishes may have included corn, beans, and vegetables like turnips and squash.

6. There were no balloons at the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade.

The 40-to-75-foot brightly colored character balloons are a hallmark of the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade these days, but when the parade debuted in 1924, there was not a single balloon in sight. Instead, there were nursery rhyme-themed floats, a visit from Santa Claus, and real animals borrowed from the Central Park Zoo. The first character balloon—Felix the Cat—was introduced in 1927. The next year, newspapers announced that the helium-filled balloons would be released at the end of the parade. They were fitted with a special release valve so that around a week later they would come back to the ground and members of the public could send them to Macy’s for a reward.

7. To promote his state as the birthplace of Thanksgiving, a senator appeared on The Tonight Show dressed like a pilgrim.

Not everyone believes the first Thanksgiving took place in Plymouth. On December 4, 1619, a ship called the Margaret landed in what is now Virginia. Captain John Woodlief documented the day as one that must be celebrated “yearly and perpetually kept holy as a day of Thanksgiving to Almighty God"—and the settlers did, until many of them were slaughtered by the Powhatan in 1622. More than 300 years later, Virginia Senator John J. Wicker, Jr. spent much of the 1960s pushing his state as the birthplace of the first Thanksgiving, even appearing on The Tonight Show dressed as a pilgrim.

8. The Turducken’s history goes beyond Thanksgiving.

John Madden may have popularized the practice of stuffing a chicken into a duck and the duck into a turkey. But he certainly didn't invent the idea of meat nesting dolls. The practice goes all the way back to at least 1774, when an edition of the book The Art of Cookery documented a "Yorkshire Christmas Pie" that involved stuffing pigeon, partridge, fowl, and goose into a turkey. Even more elaborate examples followed, including an 1807 creation called the "roast without equal" by Alexandre Balthazar Laurent Grimod de La Reynière; it included up to 17 different birds. The tradition eventually found its way to New Orleans, which is where Madden enjoyed his first turducken experience. "It smelled and looked so good," Madden told The New York Times in 2002. "I didn't have any plates or silverware or anything, and I just started eating it with my hands.'' He began promoting the dish on-air, and the legend was born.

9. You probably can’t carve your Thanksgiving turkey as fast as Paul Kelly.

Kelly, a British turkey producer, is the Guinness World Record holder, with a warp-speed time of 3 minutes and 19.47 seconds. He also holds the turkey plucking record, besting even Gordon Ramsay: Kelly plucked three birds in 11 minutes, 30.16 seconds, while Ramsay came in a close second at 11 minutes, 31.78 seconds.

10. Thanksgiving Eve is one of the biggest drinking nights of the year.

After a night at the bars, he probably didn't feel as enthusiastic on Thanksgiving morning.MabelAmber, Pixabay

Forget New Year's Eve. According to the Wall Street Journal, "Blackout Wednesday" is the top drunk-driving night in many parts of the United States. The unfortunate phenomenon is likely due to college students (and other people who are home for the holidays) catching up with old friends the night before their family gatherings. In 2012, Mothers Against Drunk Driving reported that there are more drunk driving deaths at Thanksgiving than at Christmas.

11. "Jingle Bells" was originally a Thanksgiving song.

We may associate the cheerful song with Christmas these days, but when James Lord Pierpont wrote it in the mid-19th century, he likely intended it to be sung at Thanksgiving. The tune was originally called "One Horse Open Sleigh." While the transition from one holiday to the other is a little fuzzy, one thing's for sure—"Jingle Bells" was firmly in the Christmas lineup by December 16, 1965, when astronauts Wally Schirra and Thomas Stafford played it on a harmonica while in orbit on Gemini 6, making it the first song played in outer space. The pranksters launched into the song after announcing that they had spotted a UFO of some sort.

12. Your family doesn’t want to talk politics at Thanksgiving dinner.

According to the 2017 Meyocks Thanksgiving Survey, 36 percent of people say politics should be avoided at Thanksgiving. If you have a relative who won't leave the subject alone, Lizzie Post, co-president of the Emily Post Institute and great-great-granddaughter of Emily Post, advises that it's best to say, "I would really love to get away from politics at the Thanksgiving table this year."

13. There’s a reason the Detroit Lions and the Dallas Cowboys always play football on Thanksgiving.

Spoiler alert: It was all a marketing scheme. When the Lions franchise moved to Detroit, Michigan, from Portsmouth, Ohio, in 1934, the citizens of Detroit weren't as excited to get a team as you might think—because they already had one, baseball's Detroit Tigers. In an attempt to get the city excited about its second team, owner George Richards came up with the idea of having a game on Thanksgiving. Because he was well-connected, Richards managed to convince NBC to broadcast the game on 94 stations across the U.S. It worked: The Lions filled the stadium to capacity and had to turn fans away at the gate. When the Dallas Cowboys picked up on the marketing scheme in 1966, fans broke the attendance record, and both teams have upheld the Turkey Day tradition nearly every year since.

14. The way we depict pilgrims is all wrong.

The black outfits, white collars, and buckled hats aren’t accurate. The actual pilgrims wore trousers, shirts, and dresses of various colors. Women sported colors like red, earthy green, brown, blue, violet, and gray. Men preferred white, beige, earthy green, brown, and black, but we also have evidence that one of the dlders, William Brewster, wore a red vest and a purple vest. The way the Native Americans are depicted is also misleading: "[They] certainly didn't go around in the chilly New England autumn half-naked," said Laurence Pizer, the former director of Pilgrim Hall Museum in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

15. "Unthanksgiving" is celebrated every Alcatraz Island.

Every year, indigenous people and their supporters gather at Alcatraz for a sunrise service where they give thanks for the survival of their people. The event was originally founded in 1975, partially in response to the story we're told about Pilgrims and indigenous people living in harmony. "That's not what happened and we know it," says Andrea Carmen, the executive director of the International Indian Council. But over time, the group has adopted a different outlook. "The message of Unthanksgiving doesn't convey the true feeling of indigenous people," Carmen told the East Bay Express, "which is to give thanks every day for our survival, and the survival of the natural world, and the courage of our ancestors who fought and struggled and resisted to keep our culture alive for us." Now more properly called the Indigenous Peoples Sunrise Ceremony, events include traditional dances and a prayer to the rising sun.

16. There’s a Thanksgiving wine.

Beaujolais Nouveau, a fruity red wine from the Beaujolais region of France, is annually released on the third Thursday of November, also known as Beaujolais Nouveau Day. The release date has become quite the event in Paris, where people have competed since the 1950s to see who can get the first bottles from Beaujolais to Paris. Marketers in the U.S. have used the November release date to pair the wine with the holiday, recommending Beaujolais as a terrific match for turkey.

17. Butterball isn’t the only turkey hotline you can call for help with your Thanksgiving feast.

These turkey hotlines can help home cooks avert a Thanksgiving feast fiasco.A-Ray, Pixabay

The Butterball Turkey Talk-Line is famous for the calls it gets from uncertain cooks on Thanksgiving. But 1-800-BUTTERBALL isn't the only game in town. If you can't reach any of the 50+ Butterball experts, you can also call the following numbers:

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18. At one point, you could have called Julia Child for Thanksgiving dinner help.

Who needs a turkey hotline when you have Julia Child herself as a resource? During the 1970s and '80s, Child's number was publicly listed in the phone book, so enterprising home chefs took it upon themselves to dial her digits when they were having cooking troubles on Thanksgiving. Though she could have left her number unlisted or simply unplugged her phone on high-traffic days, Child refused. She always answered the phone, and, most of the time, she just told them whatever they needed to hear so they could chill out and enjoy their holidays, including to simply serve the turkey cold.

19. The most popular Thanksgiving dishes may surprise you.

According to Google’s 2017 list of the most popular Thanksgiving side dishes in every state, people’s dinner plates may look pretty different. While favorites like stuffing, green beans, sweet potatoes, and pecan pie make many lists, there are also a few surprises. If you live in South Dakota or Oregon, don't be surprised to find Ambrosia salad on the table. Ohio is particularly fond of seven-layer salad, while sausage stuffing is on the menu in Connecticut. Arizona prefers pumpkin roll, while New York can't do without acorn squash.

20. Black Friday isn’t named for the day businesses got back into the black.

You've probably heard the tale that the massive amounts of shopping that take place on Black Friday is the day that many businesses finally make the financial flip from being in the red to being in the black. In reality, the term dates back to the 1950s, when the Philadelphia police used it to refer to the day after Thanksgiving, which was also the day before the annual Army-Navy football game. Local retailers tried to take advantage of the crowds by having sales and calling it “Big Friday,” which resulted in utter madness in the stores. People used the mayhem to shoplift, so between the extra traffic, crowd control, and arrests, the police were not too happy about having to work some pretty serious overtime—hence the name. By the 1980s, the discounts and super sales started creeping across the nation.